It is the final stage of the treatment which takes aproximatelly 6 to 12 months.
When the jaws have fully healed up and the occlusion is correct orthodontist has to correct the position of individual teeth. This is needed for a stable treatment result.
Final orthodontic treatment cannot be started earlier than two to four months after the surgery. Before that time healing process is not complete and attempts to correct the position of teeth or modify the occlusion may have a negative effect on the overall recovery. Active post-operative orthodontic treatment can be started two to four months after surgery. At that time filling materials are removed from the braces and upper teeth are connected with continuous arch wire.
Orthodontic treatment is finished when the occlusion is stable and teeth come into correct contact. At the end of the treatment the braces are removed but the patient still needs to wear retainers for the next year full-time and another 4 years at night.
After debanding the teeth are checked and treated if needed. Some patients may need dental implants or crowns and bridges to restore dentition and finalize treatment. Later a patient should show up for a follow-up in 6 months for the next 5 years.